Measures

Long-Term Measures

  1. Collective self-esteem Scale (CSES) (Luhtanen & Crocker, 1992)

-But only membership and identity factors

  1. The De JongGierveld short scale (sGierveld & Van Tilburg, 2010)

-Emotional and Social loneliness

  1. Hospital anxiety and depression scale (Zigmond & Snaith, 1983)

-Assesses trait anxiety and depression

  1. Social desirability Scale (Short form) (Reynolds, 1982)

-covariate to minimize the potential effects of social desirability on outcomes

  1. Social Wellbeing (Keyes, 1998)

-Used the short version from Study 2

  1. Social connectedness Scale (Lee and Robbins, 1995)
  2. The Friendship Scale (Hawthorne, 2006)
  3. Awareness of Age-related Change (AARC-10) (Kaspar, et al., 2019)
  4. Flourishing Scale (FS) (Diener et al., 2009)

-Psychological wellbeing

  1. Age stigma consciousness (Chasteen, 2017; Adapted items from Pinel, 1999).

-We adapted this to focus on living with disease rather than just aging

  1. Essentialist Beliefs about Aging Scale (EBA-S)(Weiss & Grah, 2014)

-We adapted this to focus on living with disease rather than just aging

  1. Social Network Index (Cohen et al., 1997)

-Assess family and relationships

  1. Goldsmiths Musical Sophistication Index (Gold-MSI) (Müllensiefen, et al., 2014)

– self-assessed singing skills and music training

Measures

 

Short-Term Measures

 

 

 

 

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